The Nearest Pret A Manger To The Economist’s Office In London Has Closed; But One Is Opening Next To The Underground Station Near Your Correspondent’s House A Few Miles Out.

Belmont couple living with PFAS The effort hopes to enroll at least 2,100 children and 7,000 adults nationwide. Researchers will collect information about exposed people’s immune response, lipid metabolism, kidney function, thyroid disease, liver disease, glycemic parameters, diabetes and cancer, although the ATSDR says the size of the study is “not large enough for CDC/ATSDR to effectively evaluate the relationship between PFAS exposure and cancer.” Researchers anticipate sharing public results in 2026. Besides Michigan, study areas include El Paso County in Colorado, Montgomery and Bucks counties in Pennsylvania, Gloucester County in New Jersey, Hoosick Falls and Newburgh, New York, and near the University of California Irvine Medical Center. The effort builds off a study in Portsmouth, New Hampshire near the former Pease Air Force Base. The Michigan DHHS study team is led by DHHS environmental health director Kory Groetsch. It includes David Savitz, a Brown University School of Public Health epidemiologist and former science panel member on the C8 Health Study that evaluated the exposure of people in Ohio and West Virginia exposed to PFOA in drinking water by DuPont. Savitz helped draft PFAS study reviews under former Gov. Rick Snyder that led to the creation of state drinking water standards for PFAS chemicals in Michigan last year. In Michigan, Plainfield Township residents learned in 2016 about PFAS in township municipal water. Two years later, advanced filtration was installed . In 2017, PFAS was found in hundreds of Belmont area private wells contaminated by Wolverine World Wide tannery waste dumped in unlined landfills and gravel pits dating back to the 1960s. Subsequent statewide public water supply testing found high levels in the city of Parchment municipal water in 2018 near Kalamazoo. The contaminated was later traced to a defunct paper mill and adjacent Georgia-Pacific-owned landfill. The discovery of PFAS in northern Kent County helped spur creation of the Michigan PFAS Action Response Team (MPART) at the Michigan Department of Environment, Great Lakes and Energy (EGLE). To date , the agency has found PFAS in groundwater at 186 sites around the state. According to the ATSDR, research involving humans suggests high exposure to PFAS may lead to increase cholesterol levels, changes in liver enzymes, deceased vaccine response in children, increased risk of high blood pressure or pre-clampsia in pregnant women, decreases in infant birth weight and increased risk of kidney or testicular cancer. Michigan DHHS says study participants may also be eligible for an additional study, the Birth Outcomes Supplemental Study (BOSS), which has the goal of learning more about PFAS exposure and the health of newborns and their mothers. Study office locations are at 515 E. Division Street NE in Rockford, and 2323 Gull Road in Kalamazoo. State researchers will hold an online information session about the studies on Thursday, Sept.

https://www.mlive.com/public-interest/2021/09/nationwide-pfas-health-study-recruiting-in-two-michigan-counties.html [Cars] [Production] [Traffic]

The first relates to employment. As a new paper by Lukas Althoff of Princeton University and colleagues describes, emptier offices and fewer tourists in cities could mean less employment for low-wage workers such as baristas and taxi drivers. The second worry is productivity. A core insight of urban economists is that cities, by cramming lots of different people into a small space, help foster new ideas and technologies. Messrs Glaeser and Cutler worry that a world of remote work, and thus of less vibrant cities, could be one in which people find it harder to make personal bonds and soak up knowledge from others. That would hit living standards. Are the concerns valid? On employment, there is reason for optimism. It is certainly true, as Mr Althoff and colleagues show, that low-skilled service workers in cities bore much of the brunt of the downturn, as well-paid folk retreated to their home offices. In January this year lower-skilled workers in America’s densest commuting zones, making up 40% of all workers in them, accounted for almost 60% of working hours lost since the start of 2020. Yet economies have been extraordinarily quick to reallocate jobs away from struggling city centres to places with more demand, raising overall employment. On a recent earnings call the of Shake Shack, a purveyor of sugar and fat, said that its focus in the coming year would be “predominantly suburban Shacks”. The nearest Pret A Manger to The Economist’s office in London has closed; but one is opening next to the Underground station near your correspondent’s house a few miles out. Employment in Britain’s suburbs is up by 2% compared with a year ago, even as nationwide employment is down. In America, too, labour demand is shifting away from big cities (see chart 2). There is, however, less evidence of egg-cracking in Australia, which until recently had largely escaped the ravages of covid-19. Employment in Sydney continues to be concentrated in dense areas. It is harder to know whether the shift from city centres will harm productivity. Were people stuck at home all the time, making new connections and discovering new ideas would be difficult. However, even spending just 30% of working time at the office—the current average across American cities—might not hit innovation all that much.

https://www.economist.com/finance-and-economics/the-new-economics-of-global-cities/21804271

Nunavut resident raises concern over Elections Canada signs in English, French, but not Inuktitut An Iqaluit woman who complained about signs at a polling station that weren't in Inuktitut was asked if she could help translate. "It's definitely not my job to do a favour for Elections Canada when they should have been prepared," says Elisapi Aningmiuq. Posted: Sep 24, 2021 4:08 PM CT | Last Updated: September 24 A polling station in Iqaluit for Monday's federal election. Signs asking that voters wear masks were posted in English and French, but not Inuktitut. (Matisse Harvey/Radio-Canada) When Iqaluit resident Elisapi Aningmiuq told Elections Canada staff at an Iqaluit polling station that the mandatory mask signs weren't in Inuktitut, she said they asked her if she could translate it. She translated one of the posters and was asked to do more, but said no.  "It's definitely not my job to do a favour for Elections Canada when they should have been prepared," said Aningmiuq.  Aningmiuq said seeing signs posted not in Inuktitut is disheartening, and she worries about the impact on unilingual Inuit.  "Many times we feel that it's just unacceptable not to see Inuktitut in the signs that are meant for the community," she said.   The sign posted by a worker at Elections Nunavut. (Submitted by Elisapi Aningmiuq) Aningmiuq contacted Nunavut senator Dennis Patterson, who put out a press release Wednesday on the issue.  Patterson said not including Inuktitut on Elections Canada signs is an infringement on voter rights.  "I'm really concerned that Elections Canada has, at least in Iqaluit, thrown up a barrier which can affect the political rights of especially unilingual Inuit to vote," he said. Patterson told CBC that he will be asking questions in the senate about the issue.  "It can be fixed easily. It's not an expensive thing, I would say the federal departments are making signs all the time," he said.  "Adding another language is not a huge burden." A spokesperson for Elections Canada said most of their signage is in Inuktitut.  Nunavut's mask mandate was reinforced the night before the election. The spokesperson important link said local returning officers took it upon themselves to make the posters.  Elections Canada does publish its guide to the federal election and voter ID cards in Inuktitut.  Elections Canada also made a poster this year with candidates names and parties to help voters better identify them on the ballot, Elections Canada said in an email to CBC.  Federal ballots are printed in French and English as legislated under the Canada Elections Act. 

https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/north/nunavut-elections-canada-mask-signs-1.6188888